If you’ve decided to lose weight this spring, you may want to consider the ketogenic diet. The diet has been around for a long time and was once used to treat patients with epilepsy or seizure problems, especially among young children. Today, the diet has lost its popularity with the advent of prescription drugs that treat the health problem. However, the diet is used by many dieters around the world due to its effectiveness and although diets do have their side effects, knowing the diet and following the rules can help you lose weight without compromising your overall health.

Beginners especially should have a brief overview of the diet and meal plan to help them make an informed decision should they decide to go on the diet on their own. As always, people with health concerns should consult their health care provider so they can help patients adjust to the meal plan or monitor them to make sure keto is not affecting their health.

3 types of ketogenic diets

The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet with adequate protein in the food. It is further divided into three types and depending on the daily caloric needs, the percentage differs. Diets are often prepared on a ratio level such as 4:1 or 2:1, where the first number indicates the total amount of fat in the diet compared to protein and carbohydrates combined in each meal.


The first diet is the Standard or SKD and is designed for people who are not active or lead a sedentary lifestyle. The meal plan limits the dieter to eating a net amount of 20 to 50 grams of carbohydrates. Starchy fruits or vegetables are restricted from the diet. For the diet to be effective, one must strictly follow the meal plan. Butter, vegetable oil, and heavy creams are widely used to replace carbohydrates in the diet.

Directed – TKD

TKD is less strict than SKD and allows for carbohydrates to be consumed, though only in a certain portion or amount that will not affect the ketosis one is currently in. The TKD diet helps dieters who engage in some level of exercise or training.

Cyclic – CKD

CKD is preferable for those who are into weight training or intensive exercise rather than beginners as it requires the dieter to stick to an SKD meal plan for all five days of the week and eat/carbohydrate for the next two days. It is important for dieters to follow the strict regimen to ensure that their diet is successful.

These are just a brief overview of the ketogenic diet and will hopefully help you decide if you are interested in the diet. For an in-depth discussion of the benefits and effects of the diet plan, it is best to consult your medical health provider.

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